Which medication used to treat ocd #medicine in details


What medication used to treat ocd #medicine in details
which medication used to treat OCD


The full form of OCD is an obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is a mental disorder. That causes also a senseless thought (obsessions) and also these types of thoughts are unwanted and again and again (compulsions).

Some medication to treat OCD very well but, you don’t take this all medicine without the permission from your psychiatrist.

➤ OCD symptoms:

➜ Again and again checking things (clocks, alarm, gas, etc)

➜ Contamination with some dirty things (hallucination)

➜ Ordering and symmetry

➜ Intrusive through 

➤ Which medication used to treat ocd (obsessive-compulsive disorder)

➩ Citalopram (Celexa)

➩ Escitalopram (Lexapro)

➩ Clomipramine (Anafranil)

➩ Fluoxetine (Prozac)

➩ Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

➩ Sertraline (Zoloft)

➩ Paroxetine (Paxil)

This all medication to treat OCD. But, you take permission to the prescriber or your psychiatrist. Do not take to this medicine to your decision.

➤ Common OCD medication side effect:

➜ Insomnia and anxiety

➜ Tremor, dizziness, and drowsiness

➜ Ejaculatory failure

➜ Dry mouth, skin rashes, and fatigue

➜ Nausea, vomiting

➜ Decrease appetite

➜ Constipation and diarrhea

➤ OCD medication list:


➣ Citalopram

Trade name: Celexa, Apo-citalopram

Citalopram is blocked the serotonin reuptake at the presynaptic neuronal membrane. The half-life of the citalopram is 35 hours.

Use of citalopram

➜ Treatment in obsessive-compulsive disorder

➜ Relieve the depression

➜ Used in treatment in alcohol abuse.

➜ Diabetes neuropathy

➜ Smoking cessation

A side effect of citalopram

➜ Insomnia, drowsiness

➜ Diaphoresis

➜ Nausea, vomiting and dry mouth

➜ Tremor and abnormal ejaculation

➜ Dyspepsia and fatigue

➜ Anxiety and anorexia

Some rare side effect is abdominal pain, sexual dysfunction and abdominal pain.
In overdose of citalopram produce dizziness, drowsiness, confusion and tachycardia.

Escitalopram

Trade name: Lexapro, Cipralex

Availability of escitalopram:

Tablet form (5 mg, 10 mg and 20 mg)
Solution form (5 mg/5 ml in oral)

Escitalopram is a serotonin reuptake inhibitors drugs. it blocks the serotonin uptake to its presynaptic membrane. It is well absorbed. To primarily metabolized in the liver and excreted through feces. To half-life of escitalopram is 35 hours.

Use of escitalopram

➜ Used in a depressive disorder.

➜ To also used in generalized anxiety disorder.

➜ Also used in treatment in mild dementia.

A side effect of escitalopram

➜ Insomnia and drowsiness

➜ Diaphoresis

➜ Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

➜ Tremor and dyspepsia

➜ Anxiety and anorexia

In rare cases sexual dysfunction, menstrual disorder, abdominal pain and sinusitis

➣ Clomipramine

Trade name: Anafranil, novo-clomipramine, Apo-clomipramine

Availability:
Capsule form (25, 50 and 75 mg)
It blocks the nor-epinephrine serotonin reuptake at the presynaptic membrane.

Use of Clomipramine

➜ Used in the treatment of the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

➜ Anti depression

A side effect of clomipramine

➜ Ejaculatory failure

➜ Tremors and dizziness

➜ Dry mouth

➜ Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

➜ Fatigue and headache

➜ Sexual dyspepsia          
               
➜ Weight gain

In rare cases anxiety, memory impairment, rashes and back pain

➣ Fluoxetine

Trade name: Prozac. Sarafem, Novo-fluoxetine, Apo-fluoxetine

Availability:
Tablet form (10, 20 & 60 mg)
Capsule form (10, 20 & 40 mg)
Solution (20 mg/5 ml through orally)

Fluoxetine selectively inhibits the serotonin uptake in the presynaptic membrane. To also increase its serotonergic function. Fluoxetine is reduced OCD and depression. It is well absorbed in the GI tract. To cross the blood-brain barrier. To also metabolized and excreted through urine.

Use of fluoxetine

➜ To treatment in OCD

➜ Anti-depression

➜ Treatment in Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

➜ Antibulimic

➜ Post-traumatic stress disorder

➜ Anti-anxiety

A side effect of fluphenazine

➜ Insomnia, anxiety, and drowsiness

➜ Decrease appetite

➜ Dry mouth and abdominal pain

➜ Nasal congestion, diaphoresis, and skin rashes

➜ In rare cases impaired concentration, light-headache

➜ Overdose of fluphenazine may produce nausea, vomiting, restlessness and excessive agitation.

➣ Sertraline:

Trade name: Zoloft, PMS-sertraline, Apo-sertraline

Availability: tablets (25, 50, 100 mg), solution (20mg/ml through orally)

Sertraline is also a inhibit the reuptake of neurotransmitter at the presynaptic membrane. To also used in reduce depression, OCD and anxiety. Its slowly absorbed from the GI tract. also a widely distributed. Metabolize and excreted in urine and feces. Half-life of sertraline is 26 hours.

Use of sertraline

➜ In obsessive-compulsive disorder

➜ Treatment of depression disorder

➜ Post-traumatic disorder

➜ Social anxiety and generalized anxiety disorder

A side effect of sertraline

➜ Insomnia, drowsiness, and dizziness

➜ Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

➜ Dry mouth, skin rashes

➜ Anxiety, tremor, and agitation

➜ Diaphoresis, constipation

➜ In rare cases urinary frequency, paresthesia and hot flashes.

➜ Some neuroleptic malignant syndrome and serotonin syndrome.

➣ Paroxetine

Trade name: pexeva, Paxil, brisdelle, Apo-proxetine, Novo-proxetine

Availability: tablets form (10, 20, 30 and 40 mg), capsule form (7.5 mg), suspension (10mg/5 ml)

Paroxetine is inhibiting the serotonin uptake at the presynaptic membrane. Its well absorbed through the GI tract. Also widely distributed in the body. metabolize and excreted through urine. It also used in reduced OCD, anxiety, and depression.

Use of proxetine

➜ To treatment in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

➜ Treatment in major depression.

➜ To treatment in social anxiety, generalized anxiety

➜ To used in post-traumatic stress disorder

➜ To treat mild dementia.

A side effect of paroxetine

➜ Insomnia and dizziness

➜ Tremor and diaphoresis

➜ Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

➜ Headache and dry mouth

➜ Respiratory disturbance and decreased appetite

➜ Abnormal discomfort, sexual dysfunction

➜ In rare cases blurred vision, confusion, palpitation and vomiting.

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